Stereotypes of Republicans and Democrats held two polls described by Elise Hennigan on the stereotypes used by Democrats to describe Republicans and stereotypes used by Republicans to describe Democrats.

What Republicans think about Democrats and what Democrats think about Republicans are often based on party-promoted clichés rather than on actual policy or ideology. Republican politicians talk about “liberal elites” who are out of touch, arrogant, immoral, science loving atheists. Democratic pundits portray conservatives as ignorant, selfish, greedy, gun loving whites. Surely, there are individuals who fit those stereotypes but the descriptions don’t extend to the ALL Republicans or Democrats any more than any biased stereotype. The polls tried to separate the clichés from actual political beliefs.

Democrats believe that:

  • The federal government can and should work to make everyone’s lives better.
  • Social issues like the environment and human rights are important for everybody in society.
  • We’re not immoral, elitist snowflakes who hate America. We’re patriotic family-oriented Americans.
  • People aren’t looking for handouts but there are times when anybody can need government help to survive.

The stereotypes Democrats find most offensive are listed in the following table.

Democrats 2

Republicans believe that:

  • The federal government is too large and inefficient, and wastes our tax dollars.
  • Regulations stall the economy and hold us back from realizing our full potential.
  • We’re not all bigoted rednecks. We do believe that everybody deserves representation.
  • Government can’t save every individual; they have to work hard and save themselves.

The stereotypes Republicans find most offensive are listed in the following table.

Republicans 2

So, ignoring the character assassination clichés, it seems that Republicans and Democrats have a fundamental difference of opinion about what the role of the Federal government should be. Democrats want it to make everyone’s lives better. Republicans want it to leave us alone so we can make our own lives better. This should come as no surprise; it has been argued for hundreds of years.

The important point is that we should be debating what the federal government should or should not be doing for its citizens and not stereotyping each other. Politicians, parties, and pundits all want to divide us to further their own causes. We should stop taking the bait and do what’s best for all of us by debating policies and not clichés.

We Need the Green New Deal


Words from Trump’s Speech on Immigration

Word clouds from last night speeches.

Trump’s speech.trump speech 1-8-2019


Responses from Pelosi and Schumer.

pelosi schumer 1-912019

Tough Choices

You’ve taken those quizzes on social media where you answer questions about your likes or experiences so other people can get to know more about you. This quiz is different. Answer these ten questions to learn more about yourself. It might get you to wonder about some things … or not.

  1. Aliens land in your back yard and offer you the opportunity to explore the solar system with them. Do you go? Yes or No?


  1. You win a six-month vacation either alone at a remote mountain retreat stocked with books but no WiFi OR at a crowded tropical resort partying with complete strangers? Which do you pick? The retreat or the resort?


  1. A genie guarantees that you will achieve your New Year’s resolution. Will you decide to quit a bad habit, improve your fitness, save some money, or learn a new skill?


  1. You’ve won a talent competition. You can pick one of three prizes, either: (a) $100. OR (b) a ticket to the National Championship Dog Show OR (c) a mystery prize of unknown value. Which do you pick.


  1. Who would you cast to play yourself in a movie about your life?


  1. What chores do you despise doing so much that you would take an additional job and overpay someone else to do it for you? Would it be (a) child care OR (b) yard work and home maintenance OR (c) house cleaning, laundry, cooking, and pet care?


  1. One morning, you wake from an anxious dream to discover that you have changed. You are a different race, the opposite sex, and are deaf and mute. But, you can now read animal minds and even other people’s minds if you try hard enough. Would you (a) try to reconnect with friends and family OR (b) seek medical or professional help OR (c) leave your current life and start anew?


  1. If you had evidence that a famous person, who is admired by many, had committed a serious crime, would you disclose it to the world? Yes or no?


  1. Would you rather have the strength of a gorilla, the vision of an eagle, the speed of a cheetah, the hearing of an owl, the camouflage ability of a chameleon, the invulnerability of a tardigrade, or a giraffe’s ability to sleep only an hour a day?


  1. Your vote decides the 2020 Presidential election. Who do you pick?


Now share your answers with others. Highlight the text and copy (ctrl-c) it, then paste (ctrl-v) it into a comment below or into a social media site you frequent with your own answers.


The Most Underappreciated Job

Some jobs are absolutely essential to the functioning of our society but don’t pay a large salary, garner any publicity, or generate a following. These jobs are often overlooked or looked down upon.

On December 19,2018, shiiroochii asked the question in r/AskReddit, “What’s the most underrated profession, despite being the most contributing job to society?” The responses appear at

The top ten responses were, by my count:

  • Teacher and education support jobs.
  • Sanitation, including garbage collection, janitorial, and waste and water treatment and management.
  • Trades, including welders, ironworkers, machinists, landscapers, plumbers, HVAC, mechanics, maintenance workers, carpenters, roofers, electricians, electronic technicians, and linemen.
  • Caregivers, including Nurses, EMTs and Paramedics, Certified Nursing Assistant (CNAs), Nursing Assistive Personnel (NAPs), Disease Intervention Specialists (DIS), Unlicensed Nursing Assistive Personnel (UNAPs), Histology technicians, home health aides, midwives, and eldercare support.
  • Drivers, including truckers, bus drivers, and delivery personnel.
  • Minimum wage employees, including food preparation workers, servers, retail clerks, cashiers, grocery employees, customer service, and hospitality.
  • Construction workers, including building permits and inspection workers, road workers , and public works employees.
  • Government workers, including mail workers, tax inspectors, and other civil servants.


Football Would Never be the Same if They Listened to Me

Sometimes the voices in my head tell me to write blogs about ideas that seem to make sense to me but generate a lot of hate comments from those who don’t embrace change as I do. I’ve found that some people won’t even read a whole post, let alone try to understand it, before launching all the verbal missiles in their arsenal. Here are two of my blogs that did just that.


I wrote the first blog on DailyKos in 2006 when everybody was talking about Peak Oil. The idea was to realign the NFL Divisions so that teams in the same Division would be geographically close to each other, thus minimizing travel. Here is the idea with some minor edits. You can find it in its original form at Better yet, here’s a new version of the same idea by Danny Kelly at

I was just killing time, waiting for the 2006 Super Bowl to start, when I had the thought,

What would happen to football in the future if the scarcity and high cost of oil makes routine, long-distance travel an extravagant business expense?

Would the NFL realign their teams to, basing divisions on geography rather than traditional rivalries, to minimize travel and foster regional fan interest? Not likely. They just realigned a few years ago and did make some positive changes, like moving the Arizona Cardinals out of the NFC East. But, by and large, they kept the same structure based on the old NFL-AFL structure. Millennials don’t even remember what the AFL was.

How critical is this traditional NFL-AFL structure? Consider the history of today’s (this was originally written in 2006) Super Bowl teams. The Pittsburgh Steelers are representing the AFC. They were originally formed in the NFL in 1933 as the Pirates, and renamed the Steelers in 1941. When the NFL and AFL merged in 1970, they became part of the AFC Central Division. The Seattle Seahawks are representing the NFC. They played their first year, 1976, in the NFC West but then moved to the AFC West the following year. They moved back to the NFC West in 2002 when the NFL last realigned. So, both the Steelers and the Seahawks have been part of both the AFL/AFC and the NFL/NFC.

So what might a regionally-based NFL look like? Consider this realignment:


Let’s face it, this would never happen without some forcing issue, like a permanent global energy crisis. Putting Dallas, a traditional wining franchise, in the same division with perennial losers Phoenix and New Orleans, and the new franchise in Houston, would be pretty boring. But there might be benefits to such a regional alignment besides less travel, namely more regional identification with the fans. Think of the regional match-ups in the NFL Pro Bowl Game and the Super Bowl. It might be east versus west (like today) or north versus south, or maybe even … Red-State team versus Blue-State team. It could even change every year.


I wrote the second blog on Reddit in 2010 as my reaction to the NFL owners pushing for an 18-game season. I think of it again every preseason. Here is the idea with some minor edits. You can find it in its original form at the/

I was drifting through the NFL (American) football preseason, watching meaningless games and hoping nobody gets hurt, and I had a thought. The owners want more real games that they can charge big ticket prices for. The fans want more competitive games, especially in the post-season. Nothing is worse than a Super Bowl blowout. The players want opportunities to play but not necessarily more games. So, here’s the idea.

What if the season were divided into parts, each having different player limits, and the games in each part had different point values for a win.

The current season looks something like this:

  • Preseason Games 1-3: Games do not count. Teams can carry 80 players.
  • Preseason Game 4: Game does not count. Teams can carry 65 players.
  • Games 5-16: Each game has an equal value towards the standings. Teams can carry 53 players.

Here’s an example of what a five-part, weighted-points-for-a-win season might look like:

  • (Former Preseason) Games 1-4: Each game counts one point for a win and zero point for a loss. Teams can carry 80 players.
  • Games 5-8: Each game counts three points for a win. Teams can carry 70 players.
  • Games 9-12: Each game counts five points for a win. Teams can carry 60 players.
  • Games 13-16: Each game counts seven points for a win. Teams can carry 60 players.
  • Games 17-20: Each game counts nine points for a win. Teams can carry 60 players.

In this system, a perfect season would amount to 100 points.

Here are some other changes. A player placed on Injured Reserve would still be ineligible to play for the rest of the season and would not be counted against the roster limit. However, a player designated as Injured would be ineligible to play for at least four consecutive games and would not be counted against the roster limit. This change would allow teams to bring back any injured player in the same year after the player is well enough to play. The game day roster would increase from 43 to 50 players with no third quarterback exemption. The Practice Squad would be eliminated. The bye week would be eliminated.

Teams with the greatest number of points in each Division would go to the playoffs. Divisions probably would not be decided until the end of season. In fact, a winless team can get to the playoffs if they win their last 8 games, so no team is out of contention until very late in the season. Teams probably won’t be able to rest players in the last week because playoff spots wouldn’t be decided. Using a point system, there would be less of a need for complicated tie breakers. The hottest teams at the end of the season would go into playoffs.



When Gardening is an Addiction

Rain is bittersweet. It helps the garden grow but you can’t go out and pull weeds.

You do these things, and these things, and these things.

You convert your entire back yard into a garden.

Garden 2007


Garden 2012


Garden 2015


Garden 2018




Come senators, congressmen
Please heed the call
Don’t stand in the doorway
Don’t block up the hall
For he that gets hurt
Will be he who has stalled
There’s a battle outside
And it is ragin’.
It’ll soon shake your windows
And rattle your walls
For the times they are a-changin’.

“The Times They Are A-Changin’”
by Bob Dylan, 1964

America is in turmoil for a lot of reasons – weather and natural disasters, economics and income inequality, crime and violence, and many more. But add to that, in every instance, there is a political component contributing to the madness. Debates over climate change, taxes and trickle-down economics, and gun control have fractionated the nation. Who we are as a country is no longer defined by the character and achievements of America’s people; it is the behaviors, proclamations, and policies of our politicians that dominate the news. Politics is a hydra, eliminate one head and two more appear, and voting the snakes out of office is time consuming and frustrating. We the people are unwittingly complicit. Most of us acquiesce to the two-party system. It’s all we’ve ever known. But the two-party system is in trouble … and should be.

The Representation Paradox

Since FDR, most people have identified with the Democratic Party. The Democrats also held the most political power until 1985. After a decade of flux, Republicans achieved parity in the number of political offices they held, even though more people still identified with the Democrats. That’s the representation paradox. As it is said, Republicans know how to win elections but can’t govern; Democrats know how to govern but can’t win elections.

Fareed Zakaria of CNN has claimed that “When you tally up their representation in Congress, state legislatures and governorships, the Democrats almost have their lowest representation in about 100 years” (6/10/2018). His assertion was verified by Politifact.

Screen Shot 2018-06-14 at 11.51.25 AM

But those changes don’t coincide with Americans preferences for a political party. Preferences for the Democratic Party dropped almost ten percent from the mid-1980s until now.

Pew chart

The data in the second graph came from surveys conducted by the Pew Research Center and the Gallup organization. Since 2004, Gallup has conducted surveys of thousands of Americans at least every month. The surveys ask: in politics, as of today, do you consider yourself a Republican, a Democrat or an independent? Independents were also asked: As of today, do you lean more to the Democratic Party or the Republican Party? These results are actually different from official election registrations, which are controlled by individual States, and may be more reliable because of factors like closed primaries and political gaming.


Democrats currently make up around 30% of Gallop survey respondents. Democratic-Leaning Independents make up another 17% of respondents. Together, they represent about 47% of Americans.

These estimates fluctuate over time. The thin lines in the following graph show the variability in the monthly Gallup surveys. The smoother black lines are 2-year moving averages that show short-term trends. The percentage of survey respondents who identify themselves as Democrats appears to be decreasing in favor of Independents.


Fivethirtyeight suggests the changes may be attributable to diverse young urban populations whose more liberal attitudes are not well supported by traditional Democratic politicians.

Changes in DemocratsChanges in Democrats 2


Republicans currently make up around 27% of survey respondents. Republican-Leaning Independents make up another 15% of respondents. Together, they represent about 42% of Americans, still less than the Democrats’ 47%. And while the percentage of self-identified Republicans appears to be decreasing, the percentage of Republican-leaning independents appears to be increasing, so there is an equilibrium.



Solid Independents (Independents who do not lean toward either Democratic or Republican Parties) make up around 9% of respondents. Democratic-Leaning Independents make up around 17% of respondents. Republican-Leaning Independents make up around 15% of respondents. Together, they represent about 41% of Americans. Independents are the largest group that survey respondents identify themselves as and have the greatest growth, but because of the two-party system, hold the least political power.


There are a number of reasons that have been cited for the changes in party preferences. Americans may be turned off by the partisan wars in Washington, they don’t identify with either the Democratic or the Republican party, they don’t want to be labeled, or they feel that being independent is the “Spirit of America.” Also, ybeing an Independent means being undecided.

Independent voter

Long-Term Trends in Party Preferences

Since 2004, more Americans have called themselves Independents (41%) than either of the two major parties, Democrats (30%) or Republicans (27%). The percentage of all Independents is only slightly less than the percentages of Republicans and Republican-leaning Independents (42%), and only about 5% less than the percentages of Democrats and Democratic-leaning Independents (46%).

2004 to 2018

Average 14-Year


Self-Identified Republicans


-8 -0.67


Republican-Leaning Independents


7 0.68


Republican and Republican-Leaning


-1 -0.07


Self-Identified Democrats


-5 -0.56


Democratic-Leaning Independents


1 0.15


Democrat and Democratic-Leaning


-4 -0.37


Solid Independents


3 0.44


All Independents


12 0.74


Furthermore, over the fourteen-year period, the trend in Americans considering themselves to be Independents is increasing, while the trend in Americans considering themselves to be Republicans is flat, and the trend in Americans considering themselves to be Democrats is decreasing.

These preferences for one party or another don’t correlate perfectly with actual votes because of the two-party system. Most voters don’t consider independent candidates to be viable and some independent parties are not even listed on ballots and have to be written in.


The increase in Independent voters demonstrates that a polarized two-party system no longer represents the majority of Americans, who are demanding an alternative to a system with such extreme divisions. … While an Independent voter may still have to choose between a Democrat and Republican in the end, the rise in independent voters signals a much-needed change in our traditional two-party system. Future candidates will need to expand their political views, and drop the exhausted party line, if they want to attract the support of the Independent voter.”  Krosbie Carter. 2012. Why Many Americans Are Registering As Independents, Instead of GOP or Democrat.

Given these trends, a wise Democratic candidate-for-office will not forget their largest constituency – Independents. Don’t expect a blue wave if you denigrate independent voters by saying they were the reason Donald Trump was elected in 2016. Slogans like Vote Blue No Matter Who carry no weight with Independents. Mudslinging alienates everyone. If you want to capture the minds of Independents, and they do vote more with their brains than their hearts, tell them specifically what you will do (caveat: if you win back Congress) to improve the country.


The conclusion of the story is that Independents are on the rise, Republicans are going nowhere, and Democrats are in decline. If Democrats want to reverse their loss of political power, they must change. Barack Obama brought change, only not as much as many of his supporters hoped for. Still, he is remembered as a great President. But Hillary Clinton was not the additional change Americans wanted. Trump promised anti-change, a return to a Spartan American state that never existed, and he has delivered in ways his supporters never imagined. Now we must look for change again, perhaps the progressive change many Independents support.

As Bob Dylan said:

The line it is drawn
The curse it is cast
The slow one now
Will later be fast
As the present now
Will later be past
The order is rapidly fadin’
And the first one now will later be last
For the times they are a-changin’

“The Times They Are A-Changin’”
by Bob Dylan, 1964

What Do Zombies Call You?